Hemorrhoids are the cushion like veins present in the lowest part of the rectum. These are the nerves which get swollen due to some external pressure and are very painful. These are present at the end of the rectum and are responsible for holding the stool. There are two types of hemorrhoids present in a human body, viz. internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. The distinction is based on the location of the hemorrhoids in the rectal canal.
Hemorrhoids are mainly categorized as internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are not visible and difficult to identify. It can be examined only by a doctor.
It is caused be swelling of the vein in the anal canal. The tissue supporting the veins in that region debilitates, and the swollen veins and tissue can expand into the anal canal area.
What are Internal Hemorrhoids ?
The internal hemorrhoids are present in the canal while the external hemorrhoids are present on the edge of the rectum opening. Internal hemorrhoids are surrounded by only a few pain sensing nerves and covered by mucosal membrane. Whenever a person faces some problem of hemorrhoids generally it is associated with internal hemorrhoids. When a person with internal hemorrhoids exerts some pressure or straining then the walls of the lining disrupt and blood flows out.
The diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids cannot be done by upper body diagnosis, but they can be diagnosed by some other medical devices. Generally used diagnostic methods of internal hemorrhoids are digital examination by inserting the lubricated gloved finger into the canal to observe the growth of hemorrhoids, and visual inspection which will be done devices like anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidoscope.
Symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids
There are few specific symptoms exhibited by internal hemorrhoids include leakage of mucus which may result in excessive inflammation, itching in the anal region, irritation in the anal canal, painless bleeding, but sometime swelling is also observed which can be felt by pain in anus. Symptoms are discussed in detail below. Sometime, internal hemorrhoids protrude out of the anal canal and termed as protruding hemorrhoids. These protruding hemorrhoids are highly painful and need intense care.
1. They are not visible, but the impact can be severe. Some of the common symptoms of internal hemorrhoids include a sensation of pain and irritation in the rectum region.
2. The presence of blood in your stool or internal bleeding followed by intense pain. This episode usually occurs during and after passing a stool.
3. Rectum Bleeding
In the case of external hemorrhoids, you may encounter visible red spot on the toilet paper after passing a stool. But it can be the case with internal hemorrhoids too.
4. Like external hemorrhoids, bright red spots of blood may show up on bathroom tissue after a defecation.
Not at all like, external hemorrhoids, blood spots may show up on toilet tissue on the off chance that one wipes the anus region before a solid discharge and what’s more, blood may appear on individual bits of stool. Since the bleeding happens inside, small measures of blood may spill from the butt even without a stable discharge, and it is likely that the stool will get small measures of blood on out of the internal organ.
5. An itching and irritation inside the butt-centric channel.
The type of irritation caused by internal hemorrhoids entirely different from usual ones. Since these hemorrhoids are interior, they once in a while release bodily fluid (or mucus ) as the body endeavors to mend them. It is the spilling bodily fluid which causes the tingling sensation, not the little breaks in the dividers of the veins. The leaking of mucus may cause pain both inside as well as in the outer region of the body
6. Feeling to urinate after completing one
The reason one goes to the washroom is feeling a sensation to pass a stool and get relaxed. In the case of internal hemorrhoid, the patient may get this sensation several times a day.
This inclination is brought about, partially, by the swelling of the anal region that helps the stool rise out of the internal organ. On the off chance that you have protruding inside hemorrhoids that interrupt into the end part of the digestive organ, this will mirror the sentiment expecting to wipe out and won’t vanish. The bigger inward hemorrhoid, the more extreme is this sensation.
7. Pain and irritation in the rectum region
A painful feeling in the butt-centric trench.
Normally internal hemorrhoids are not that painful. Though they may depict a different kind of side effect If they are not treatment during the early stage, they begin to advance. They start to project through the anus, and they can turn out to be very excruciating on the off chance crushed during solid discharges by the sphincter muscles in the rear-end.
If the pain caused is intolerable, it might show that the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is in been confined by the sphincter muscles in which case the hemorrhoid is indeed being choked. Emergency treatment is highly advisable in this scenario.
In most of the cases, internal hemorrhoids are not that problematic situation. The only problem is that they are not easy to identify. Mostly they are ignored by an individual resulting in its advancement.
Some of the natural ways that help to get cure from internal hemorrhoids are
Treatment of Internal Hemorrhoids
Main reason for the internal hemorrhoids worse condition is the straining caused because of improper digestive system resulting in either constipation or diarrhea, poor fibrous diet also cause constipation, less water intake, less body movement, long hour sitting, etc. There are other reasons also which are responsible in developing the internal hemorrhoids viz. anal sex, and external or internal urine infection.
Internal hemorrhoids can be cured, prevented as well as treated. Sometime it’s better to cure then to treat to minimize the risks. There are different types of treatment option like medical assistance as well as home remedies which can be adopted by the patient having internal hemorrhoids. Initially it’s better to go for home remedies but if they prove ineffective then it’s better to take medical treatment.
Different home remedies that can be administered for treating internal hemorrhoids can be Witch Hazel, which act as anti-inflammatory agent and result in the reduction of itching, pain, and swelling. Aloe Vera is the other compound that help in reduction of itching and irritation. One can consume aloe vera water as it regulates constipation and other digestive issues, or its gel can directly be applied on the infected areas.
Some of the home remedies for treating hemorrhoids are
- Proper Diet
Adding proper diet routine is vital. Its effect may not be instant but is highly recommend by doctors too. You need to eat fiber rich diet and avoid spicy, oily and fatty food.
People with diarrhea, constipation tends to face such situation. So its is important to keep your body hydrated. It will allow easy digestion and reduced the chances of further advancement.
Laziness, sitting at a place for long, slow metabolism are some factors that catalyzed the impact of hemorrhoid. Regular exercise and adopting a healthy lifestyle can overcome all your worries.
It will not only help with healing of hemorrhoids but will keep you fit and healthy in the long run.
- Proper check on blood after passing a stool
Keep an eye on the toilet paper and flush tank after a bowel movement. The presence of blood may indicate that the body is not able to counter hemorrhoid and you may need to consult a doctor.
- Sitz bath is considered as the most efficient way of reducing pain swelling and infection. While taking sitz bath different pain soothing agents can also be added like Epsom salt, witch hazel, natural oils etc. Apart from this apple cider vinegar can be helpful by direct application on the infected area or by adding it to the bath water. Coconut oil can be applied on the infected area to prevent infection and reduce the irritation during constipation.
For reducing the pain and straining stool softening medicines and diet can be taken, person can consume high fibrous diet which efficiently improve the digestive system. It reduces the risk of bleeding from internal hemorrhoids. Taking plenty of drinking water reduced the risk of constipation and also improve the consistency of stool. Probiotics and fermented foods help in improving the digestive system and reduces chances of infection.
Other method is using over-the-counter medication which include medicated ointments, creams, gels, pads and suppositories. These can be applied by inserting finger inside and they help in reduction form pain, itching and irritation from internal hemorrhoids.
When none of these home remedies help then it’s better to consult a doctor. There are few medical approaches that can be used include Sclerotherapy which is method of injecting phenol or quinine urea for instant relief form pain and reduction in swelling of the internal hemorrhoids. Other method is using rubber band ligation of internal hemorrhoids, heat coagulation of internal hemorrhoids using radiations. And the final option if none of the above treatment help is surgery. Through this surgical treatment hemorrhoids are removed completely. This surgical process is called as Hemorrhoidectomy.